Domain web hosting
Every computer has a numeric address that is unique just like a phone number. Since the numbers are difficult to remember, Domain Name System (DNS) identified. The string of numbers, also known as IP address means Internet Protocol. With DNS, one can locate the server on the web. DNS decode the IP addresses into unique alphanumeric addresses called domain names. These are fairly easy to remember. For example, to visit sitegeek.com, remembering its IP address 22.214.171.124 is far difficult than typing www.sitegeek.com.
Domain Hosting Registrar – Domain web hosting
Specialized in hosting domains for individuals and companies. Most web hosting companies provide domain registration services using their reseller or partnership account with the registrar.
Domain Name – Domain web hosting
Visitors use the domain name to find you on the web. They type it in the browser’s address bar.
Domain Name System (DNS)
You choose the domain names as per the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS).
Domain Name Registry operator or NIC (National Information Center) keeps database contains all domain names registered in a top-level domain. It generates the zone files which convert domain names to IP addresses. The organization manages domain registration, controls the policies, allocation, and technically operates its top-level domain.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) manages the domain-hierarchy, the top of the DNS tree by administrating the data in the root name servers.
Phrase combined with .TLD’s (domain extension) which include .com, .org, .edu, .mil, .gov, .co, .biz, .info, .me, and .net.
Country-specific TLD’s include .in, .us, .jp. represents specific part or country of the world. Search engines return geotargeted results.
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www identifies with a browser with the World Wide Web interface. www.siteeek.com is called the domain name. A domain name can be unchanged even if a website is moved to a different host as DNS can point an existing domain name to a new IP address.
Registering a domain name is another process. After selecting the top-level domain, the seller is required to be ascertained. Domain names have two divisions: the characters before the last dot in the domain name and the characters after it. The part following the last dot is called the extension. The part to the left of the dot is called the second-level domain/ the label. With this, the users are able to associate the website with the name of the company or the type of services it provides. Internet domain Registrar selection comes next wherein the number of years of registration is determined. Most registrars offer 1 to 10 years of registration periods, often topped with discounts for longer periods.
It is significant to make a note that there is a recognized registrar of record for every registered domain name, even if the registration transaction is performed via a reseller. If the desired domain name is not available, one can modify second-level part of a domain name.
If the desired domain name is already registered then the customer may acquire the right to register it from the current registrant. It involves bidding or auction process. However, this process can be time-consuming and intricate. An easy way out is to use WHOIS database and find out the registrant of a domain name that is desired.
The web-hosting is much like the space that is rent for business purpose. It is not merely spaced itself but web hosts provide easy installation with apps like Fantastico. Without the hosting services, the domain does not have a web presence.
Concluding, a site visitor goes to a domain name which translates into server IP address. The server sends a user to site files which browser represents as “web page.”